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inspiration 4

inspiration 4

The Fi s All-Civilia Missio To O bi

fou C ew membe s ep ese i g he missio pilla s of Leade ship, Hope, Ge e osi y, a d P ospe i y

I spi a io 4

F om Wikipedia, he f ee e cyclopedia Jump o aviga io Jump o sea ch 2021 SpaceX c ewed space missio I spi a io 4A a is 's e de i g of Resilie ce fo I spi a io 4, wi h i s ose co e ope , eveali g he cupolaMissio ypeSpace ou ismOpe a o SpaceXCOSPAR ID2021-084ASATCAT o.49220Websi ei spi a io 4.com Missio du a io 2 days, 23 hou s, 3 mi u es Spacec af p ope iesSpacec af C ew D ago Resilie ceMa ufac u e SpaceXLau ch mass12,519 kg (27,600 lb)La di g mass9,616 kg (21,200 lb) C ewMembe sJa ed Isaacma Sia P oc o Hayley A ce eauxCh is ophe Semb oski S a of missio Lau ch da e16 Sep embe 2021, 00:02:56 UTCRocke Falco 9 Block 5 (B1062.3)Lau ch si eKe edy Space Ce e , LC-39ACo ac o SpaceX E d of missio Recove ed byGO Sea che La di g da e18 Sep embe 2021, 23:06:49 UTC [1]La di g si eA la ic Ocea O bi al pa ame e sRefe e ce sys emGeoce ic o bi [2]RegimeLow Ea h o bi Al i ude585 km (364 mi)I cli a io 51.6°Pe iod96.2 mi u es I spi a io 4 missio pa ch Semb oski, P oc o , Isaacma a d A ce eauxC ew D ago fligh s← SpaceX C ew-2SpaceX C ew-3 →  I spi a io 4 (s ylized as I spi a i④ ) was a huma spacefligh missio ope a ed by SpaceX o behalf of Shif 4 Payme s CEO Ja ed Isaacma . The missio lau ched C ew D ago Resilie ce o 16 Sep embe 2021 a 00:02:56 UTC[a] f om he Ke edy Space Ce e 's Lau ch Complex 39A a op a Falco 9 lau ch vehicle, placed he D ago capsule i o low Ea h o bi [3] a d e ded o 18 Sep embe 2021 a 23:06:49 UTC.[3] The missio successfully comple ed he fi s o bi al spacefligh wi h o ly p iva e ci ize s aboa d a d was pa of a cha i able effo o behalf of S . Jude Child e 's Resea ch Hospi al i Memphis, Te essee. The missio ove lapped wi h he 55 h a ive sa y of Gemi i 11 i Sep embe 1966, which had a apogee of app oxima ely 1,368 km (850 mi), he highes Ea h o bi eve eached o a c ewed fligh . The I spi a io 4 fligh was a a o bi al al i ude of app oxima ely 585 km (364 mi), he highes achieved si ce 1999, wi h ISS bei g 408 km, a d fif h-highes Ea h o bi al huma spacefligh ove all. I co cluded wi h he fi s c ewed splashdow i he A la ic Ocea si ce Apollo 9. Co e s 1 Missio a d c ew 2 Spacec af 3 Fligh 3.1 O bi al al i ude 4 Media cove age 5 See also 6 No es 7 Refe e ces 8 Ex e al li ks Missio a d c ew[edi ] The I spi a io 4 c ew du i g hei as o au ai i g i Space Camp i Hu sville, Alabama I spi a io 4 was he fi s huma spacefligh o o bi Ea h wi h o ly p iva e ci ize s o boa d.[4][b] The missio p omo ed a d aised mo ey fo he S . Jude Child e 's Resea ch Hospi al. The c ew a d missio i e ded o aise upwa ds of US$200 millio o expa d S . Jude's childhood ca ce esea ch.[6][7][8] I spi a io 4 was led by Shif 4 Payme s CEO Ja ed Isaacma , a expe ie ced pilo wi h qualifica io i mili a y je s.[9][10] Isaacma p ocu ed he fligh a d i s fou sea s f om SpaceX a d do a ed wo of he sea s o S . Jude. Hayley A ce eaux, a physicia assis a a he hospi al a d a su vivo of bo e ca ce , was selec ed by he hospi al o boa d he fligh .[11] S . Jude affled he seco d sea as pa of a campaig o aise US$200 millio fo he hospi al, e med S . Jude Missio : I spi ed.[12][13] A u disclosed pe so f om Emb y–Riddle Ae o au ical U ive si y ul ima ely wo he affle a d decided fo pe so al easo s o give he sea o his f ie d, U.S. Ai Fo ce ve e a Ch is ophe Semb oski, who was also o e of 72,000 e a s i he affle.[14][15][16] E ep e eu Sia P oc o was selec ed by Shif 4 Payme s o boa d he fligh h ough a compe i io modeled af e Sha k Ta k ha ewa ded he bes busi ess idea o make use of Shif 4's comme ce solu io s.[17] The pa elis s i he compe i io i cluded Salesfo ce CEO Ma c Be ioff, Fas Compa y edi o S epha ie Meh a, fo me NASA e gi ee Ma k Robe a d Ba Rescue hos Jo Taffe .[18] Resilie ce was he fi s spacec af o o bi wi h a all- ookie c ew si ce She zhou 7 i 2008. The las ime NASA lau ched a all- ookie o bi al c ew was STS-2 i 1981.[c] All fou c ew membe s eceived comme cial as o au ai i g by SpaceX. The ai i g i cluded lesso s i o bi al mecha ics, ope a i g i a mic og avi y e vi o me , s ess es i g, eme ge cy-p epa ed ess ai i g a d missio simula io s.[17][19] Posi io As o au Missio comma de Ja ed Isaacma [12]Fi s spacefligh Pilo Sia P oc o [20]Fi s spacefligh Medical office a d Missio specialis 1 Hayley A ce eaux[11]Fi s spacefligh Missio specialis 2 Ch is ophe Semb oski[20]Fi s spacefligh Spacec af [edi ] The I spi a io 4 missio was he seco d fligh of Resilie ce, followi g i s use fo C ew-1.[17][21] I also ma ked he fou h c ewed fligh of a C ew D ago .[22] The spacec af 's docki g adap e , o mally used o dock wi h he I e a io al Space S a io , was eplaced fo his missio by a si gle mo oli hic mul i-laye domed plexiglass[ci a io eeded] wi dow i spi ed by he Cupola module, allowi g 360° views ou side Resilie ce's ose.[23] The cupola was p o ec ed du i g lau ch a d e-e y by he spacec af 's e ac able oseco e, which also housed a cus om came a e abli g pho og aphy of he vehicle's i e io a d ex e io du i g fligh .[24] The cupola is emovable so ha Resilie ce ca easily be eco figu ed fo missio s i he fu u e ha equi e docki g.[24] Fou D aco h us e s loca ed o he spacec af 's ose ecessi a ed he i s alla io of fou hea shield iles o he cupola's ex e io , which p o ec ed he plexiglass dome f om e gi e exhaus du i g p opulsive ma euve s.[24] Fligh [edi ] The lau ch of I spi a io 4 Resilie ce lau ched o 16 Sep embe 2021 a 00:02:56 UTC (15 Sep embe 2021 a 20:02:56 EDT)[25] a op Falco 9 Block 5 boos e B1062 f om Ke edy Space Ce e 's Lau ch Complex 39A. I was he hi d fligh of his boos e .[26] The spacec af was lau ched i o a i cli a io of 51.6°. Wi h Resilie ce i o bi , h ee D ago spacec af we e simul a eously o bi i g Ea h, as E deavou flies he C ew-2 missio a d C208 flies he CRS-23 missio . I spi a io 4 was he fi s c ewed o bi al spacefligh si ce STS-125 i 2009 o o visi a space s a io .[27] Each c ew membe was assig ed a i dividual call sig fo commu ica io s. Isaacma 's call sig was "Rook", P oc o 's was "Leo", A ce eaux's was "Nova" a d Semb oski's was "Ha ks."[28] As he seco d s age e gi e of SpaceX's Falco 9 ocke cu off, A ce eaux eached i o a pouch s apped o he leg a d pulled ou a plush oy dog ha ep ese s he he apy dogs employed by S . Jude. The oy, a ached o a e he , bega o floa above A ce eaux's head a d i doi g so fulfilled i s pu pose as he I spi a io 4 missio 's "ze o-g i dica o ". Ha gi g i he ai , i p ovided a visual sig al o A ce eaux a d he h ee c ewma es ha hey we e ow i he mic og avi y e vi o me of ou e space af e eachi g Ea h o bi o 16 Sep embe 2021.[29] The missio pla ed o i clude ul asou ds, mic obe samples a d a va ie y of i -fligh heal h expe ime s (measu e fluid shif s, eco d ECG ac ivi y, blood oxyge levels, hea a es, e c.) o he huma bodies of o di a y ci ize s who have o bee p eviously ca efully sc ee ed a d exhaus ively ai ed as p ofessio al as o au s.[30] The s udy of he effec s of spacefligh o huma heal h a d pe fo ma ce was do e i collabo a io wi h SpaceX, he T a sla io al Resea ch I s i u e fo Space Heal h (TRISH) a Baylo College of Medici e a d i ves iga o s a Weill Co ell Medici e.[31] O 18 Sep embe 2021, a 23:06:49 UTC, Resilie ce splashed dow i he A la ic Ocea a d was picked up by ecove y ship GO Sea che oughly fo y mi u es af e wa d. A ce eaux was fi s o exi he spacec af , followed by P oc o , Semb oski a d Isaacma .[32] O bi al al i ude[edi ] The fligh pla aimed fo a al i ude of a leas 575 km (357 mi), a d eached a al i ude of 585 km (364 mi), a heigh su passi g STS-48 i 1991 which had a apogee of 580 km (360 mi), a d he highes c ewed spacefligh si ce STS-103 i 1999 wi h a apogee of 610 km (380 mi). STS-31, he lau ch of he Hubble Space Telescope, a 615 km (382 mi) was he highes of he Space Shu le p og am a d hi d highes eve behi d o ly wo missio s of he Gemi i P og am, Gemi i 10 a d Gemi i 11 i 1966 wi h apogees of 756 km (470 mi) a d 1,368 km (850 mi), espec ively, maki g I spi a io 4 he fif h highes Ea h o bi al c ewed spacefligh i his o y; o ly 10 Apollo lau ches we beyo d Ea h's o bi . Achievi g his al i ude exposed he c af a d c ew o diffe e adia io levels ha hose fou d o he I e a io al Space S a io .[4] The i ves iga io of he effec s of spacefligh o huma heal h a d pe fo ma ce was do e i collabo a io wi h SpaceX, he T a sla io al Resea ch I s i u e fo Space Heal h (TRISH) a Baylo College of Medici e, a d i ves iga o s a Weill Co ell Medici e.[33] Media cove age[edi ] Media cove age of he missio has bee widely posi ive, o i g i s cha i able focus, du a io a d al i ude achieved.[34][35] The missio is docume ed as i happe ed i a five-episode docuse ies e i led Cou dow : I spi a io 4 Missio o Space, eleased o he subsc ip io s eami g se vice Ne flix i Sep embe 2021.[36] See also[edi ] .mw-pa se -ou pu .po al{bo de :solid #aaa 1px;paddi g:0}.mw-pa se -ou pu .po al. lef {ma gi :0.5em 1em 0.5em 0}.mw-pa se -ou pu .po al. igh {ma gi :0.5em 0 0.5em 1em}.mw-pa se -ou pu .po al>ul{display: able;box-sizi g:bo de -box;paddi g:0.1em;max-wid h:175px;backg ou d:#f9f9f9;fo -size:85%;li e-heigh :110%;fo -s yle:i alic;fo -weigh :bold}.mw-pa se -ou pu .po al>ul>li{display: able- ow}.mw-pa se -ou pu .po al>ul>li>spa :fi s -child{display: able-cell;paddi g:0.2em;ve ical-alig :middle; ex -alig :ce e }.mw-pa se -ou pu .po al>ul>li>spa :las -child{display: able-cell;paddi g:0.2em 0.2em 0.2em 0.3em;ve ical-alig :middle} Spacefligh po al Space ou ism Axiom Missio 1 Space Adve u es C ew D ago missio Lis of fully civilia c ewed o bi al spacefligh s No es[edi ] .mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis {fo -size:90%;ma gi -bo om:0.5em;lis -s yle- ype:decimal}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis . efe e ces{fo -size:100%;ma gi -bo om:0;lis -s yle- ype:i he i }.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -colum s-2{colum -wid h:30em}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -colum s-3{colum -wid h:25em}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -colum s{ma gi - op:0.3em}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -colum s ol{ma gi - op:0}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -colum s li{page-b eak-i side:avoid;b eak-i side:avoid-colum }.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -uppe -alpha{lis -s yle- ype:uppe -alpha}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -uppe - oma {lis -s yle- ype:uppe - oma }.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -lowe -alpha{lis -s yle- ype:lowe -alpha}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -lowe -g eek{lis -s yle- ype:lowe -g eek}.mw-pa se -ou pu . eflis -lowe - oma {lis -s yle- ype:lowe - oma } ^ 15 Sep embe 2021, 20:02:56 Eas e Dayligh Time (EDT) ^ Ma y sou ces use he e m "all-civilia ". The Washi g o Pos cla ified i s use of his e m i o e of i s headli es whe i la e said "comp ised e i ely of civilia s – o gove me as o au s".[5] ^ STS-2 Comma de Joe E gle was a NASA space fligh ookie, bu had bee awa ded U.S. Ai Fo ce As o au wi gs fo passi g50 mi (80 km) while flyi g he X-15 ocke pla e. Refe e ces[edi ] ^ .mw-pa se -ou pu ci e.ci a io {fo -s yle:i he i }.mw-pa se -ou pu .ci a io q{quo es:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-pa se -ou pu .id-lock-f ee a,.mw-pa se -ou pu .ci a io .cs1-lock-f ee a{backg ou d:li ea -g adie ( a spa e , a spa e ),u l("//upload.wikimedia.o g/wikipedia/commo s/6/65/Lock-g ee .svg") igh 0.1em ce e /9px o- epea }.mw-pa se -ou pu .id-lock-limi ed a,.mw-pa se -ou pu .id-lock- egis a io a,.mw-pa se -ou pu .ci a io .cs1-lock-limi ed a,.mw-pa se -ou pu .ci a io .cs1-lock- egis a io a{backg ou d:li ea -g adie ( a spa e , a spa e ),u l("//upload.wikimedia.o g/wikipedia/commo s/d/d6/Lock-g ay-al -2.svg") igh 0.1em ce e /9px o- epea }.mw-pa se -ou pu .id-lock-subsc ip io a,.mw-pa se -ou pu .ci a io .cs1-lock-subsc ip io a{backg ou d:li ea -g adie ( a spa e , a spa e ),u l("//upload.wikimedia.o g/wikipedia/commo s/a/aa/Lock- ed-al -2.svg") igh 0.1em ce e /9px o- epea }.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-subsc ip io ,.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1- egis a io {colo :#555}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-subsc ip io spa ,.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1- egis a io spa {bo de -bo om:1px do ed;cu so :help}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-ws-ico a{backg ou d:li ea -g adie ( a spa e , a spa e ),u l("//upload.wikimedia.o g/wikipedia/commo s/4/4c/Wikisou ce-logo.svg") igh 0.1em ce e /12px o- epea }.mw-pa se -ou pu code.cs1-code{colo :i he i ;backg ou d:i he i ;bo de : o e;paddi g:i he i }.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-hidde -e o {display: o e;fo -size:100%}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-visible-e o {fo -size:100%}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-mai {display: o e;colo :#33aa33;ma gi -lef :0.3em}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-fo ma {fo -size:95%}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-ke -lef ,.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-ke -wl-lef {paddi g-lef :0.2em}.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-ke - igh ,.mw-pa se -ou pu .cs1-ke -wl- igh {paddi g- igh :0.2em}.mw-pa se -ou pu .ci a io .mw-selfli k{fo -weigh :i he i }"JSR No. 797". Jo a ha 's Space Repo . 18 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 19 Sep embe 2021. ^ I spi a io 4 (30 Ma ch 2021). Mee The Fi s All-Civilia Space C ew | I spi a io 4 Lives eam. Re ieved 30 Ma ch 2021 – via YouTube. ^ a b "SpaceX p epa es o se d fi s all-civilia c ew i o o bi ". Reu e s. 13 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 17 Sep embe 2021. ^ a b Dave po , Ch is ia (13 Sep embe 2021). "They "could be ou eighbo s", a d hey' e goi g o space. SpaceX ge s eady o fly he I spi a io 4 c ew". The Washi g o Pos . A chived f om he o igi al o 13 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 15 Sep embe 2021. ^ Dave po , Ch is ia (15 Sep embe 2021). "SpaceX makes his o y by lau chi g I spi a io 4, fi s all-civilia c ew, o o bi ". The Washi g o Pos . A chived f om he o igi al o 16 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. The I spi a io 4 missio may be he fi s ime a spacefligh c ew is comp ised e i ely of civilia s – o gove me as o au s. The e has bee a lo g his o y of o di a y ci ize s goi g o space. I fac , ha was NASA's goal a he begi i g of he space shu le e a – o fly egula people o a ou i e basis ^ Dave po , Ch is ia (25 Feb ua y 2021). "As p iva e compa ies e ode gove me 's hold o space avel, NASA looks o ope a ew f o ie ". The Washi g o Pos . Re ieved 26 Feb ua y 2021. ^ Chow, De ise (1 Feb ua y 2021). "SpaceX a ou ces fi s missio o space wi h all-civilia c ew". NBC News. A chived f om he o igi al o 1 Feb ua y 2021. Re ieved 1 Feb ua y 2021. ^ Bu gha d , Thomas (1 Feb ua y 2021). "SpaceX a ou ces I spi a io 4, all-civilia space missio i suppo of S Jude's Hospi al". NASASpaceFligh .com. Re ieved 23 Feb ua y 2021. ^ Seg a , Elizabe h (13 Ap il 2015). "Mee The Figh e -Je -Flyi g 32-Yea -Old O Top Of The Payme s I dus y". Fas Compa y. Re ieved 23 Augus 2020. ^ Tog i i, Giacomo (7 Oc obe 2020). "Mee The New Billio ai e Who D opped Ou of High School a d Flies Figh e Je s fo Fu ". Fo bes. Re ieved 1 Feb ua y 2021. ^ a b Du , Ma cia (22 Feb ua y 2021). "Bo e ca ce su vivo o joi billio ai e o SpaceX fligh ". AP News. A chived f om he o igi al o 22 Feb ua y 2021. Re ieved 22 Feb ua y 2021. ^ a b Lei felde , A d ea (1 Feb ua y 2021). "SpaceX, ech e ep e eu Ja ed Isaacma i vi e he public o apply fo ide i o space". Hous o Ch o icle. A chived f om he o igi al o 1 Feb ua y 2021. Re ieved 1 Feb ua y 2021. ^ "New fu d aisi g challe ge ied o I spi a io 4 lau ches oday fo S . Jude Child e 's Resea ch Hospi al" (P ess elease). S . Jude Child e 's Resea ch Hospi al. 1 Ma ch 2021. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ Muhls ei , Julie (18 Ap il 2021). "Eve e 's ow spacema h illed o joi all-civilia missio ". The Eve e He ald. Re ieved 23 Ap il 2021. ^ Cu hbe so , A ho y (2 Ap il 2021). "SpaceX eveals civilia passe ge s fo ip i o space his yea ". The I depe de . Re ieved 3 Ap il 2021. ^ Shee z, Michael (15 Sep embe 2021). "SpaceX's his o ic I spi a io 4 lau ch eaches o bi successfully ca yi g p iva e c ew". CNBC. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ a b c Cha g, Ke e h (1 Feb ua y 2021). "To Ge o This SpaceX Fligh , You Do ' Have o Be Rich, Jus Lucky". The New Yo k Times. A chived f om he o igi al o 1 Feb ua y 2021. Re ieved 1 Feb ua y 2021. ^ Bia co, B ia (24 Feb ua y 2021). "I spi a io 4 Reveals Pa el of I flue ial Judges o Selec E ep e eu o Joi Fi s All-Civilia Missio o Space" (P ess elease). Busi ess Wi e. Re ieved 24 Feb ua y 2021. ^ S imac, Vale ie (1 Feb ua y 2021). "SpaceX A ou ces Fi s All-Civilia Missio To Space, I spi a io 4". Fo bes. Re ieved 21 Ma ch 2021. ^ a b Shee z, Michael (30 Ma ch 2021). "Mee he full c ew of he I spi a io 4 missio flyi g wi h SpaceX i Sep embe ". CNBC. A chived f om he o igi al o 31 Ma ch 2021. Re ieved 31 Ma ch 2021. ^ Be ge , E ic (1 Feb ua y 2021). "SpaceX a ou ces fi s "f ee flye " huma spacefligh ". A s Tech ica. A chived f om he o igi al o 1 Feb ua y 2021. Re ieved 1 Feb ua y 2021. ^ Ch is ia Dave po (15 Sep embe 2021). "SpaceX makes his o y by lau chi g I spi a io 4, fi s all-civilia c ew, o o bi ". The Washi g o Pos . ^ Malik, Ta iq (3 Sep embe 2021). "SpaceX shows off i s huge dome wi dow o D ago fo p iva e I spi a io 4 spacefligh ". SPACE.com. Re ieved 3 Sep embe 2021. ^ a b c "SpaceX I spi a io 4 as o au s eveal D ago 's "cupola" i he flesh". Tesla a i. 2 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 2 Sep embe 2021. ^ Ka , Michael (16 Sep embe 2021). "I spi a io 4 Successfully Blas s Off fo he Fi s All-Civilia O bi al Space Fligh ". pcmag.com. PC Mag. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ Thompso , Amy (16 Sep embe 2021). "SpaceX lau ches fou civilia s i o o bi o his o ic I spi a io 4 fligh ". Space.com. Re ieved 17 Sep embe 2021. ^ Williams, Ma (16 Sep embe 2021). "SpaceX Lau ches Fou Civilia s o Space wi h I spi a io 4!". U ive se Today. Re ieved 17 Sep embe 2021. ^ Thompso , Amy (15 Sep embe 2021). "I spi a io 4's call sig s: The c ew of SpaceX's all-civilia missio have special ick ames". Space.com. Re ieved 15 Sep embe 2021. ^ "I spi a io 4 "space puppy" doubles as ze o-g i dica o a d fu d aise ". Space.com. 15 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ Thompso , Amy (15 Sep embe 2021). "I spi a io 4 c ew pla i g ul asou ds, mic obe samples a d mo e o u de s a d heal h du i g fligh ". Space.com. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ Gohd, Chelsea (1 Sep embe 2021). "I spi a io 4 as o au s o co duc heal h esea ch o p iva e SpaceX missio ". Space.com. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ "SpaceX's p iva e I spi a io 4 c ew e u s o Ea h wi h his o ic splashdow off Flo ida coas ". Space.com. 18 Sep embe 2021. Re ieved 19 Sep embe 2021. ^ Gohd, Chelsea (1 Sep embe 2021). "I spi a io 4 as o au s o co duc heal h esea ch o p iva e SpaceX missio ". Space.com. Re ieved 16 Sep embe 2021. ^ h ps://www.vox.com/ ecode/22675858/wa ch-space-i spi a io 4-lau ch-p oduc -placeme ^ h ps://alie ewsle e .subs ack.com/p/alie - ewsle e -10- he-simul a eous ^ Pe ski, De ise (3 Augus 2021). "Ne flix G ee ligh s 'I spi a io 4' All Civilia Space Missio Docuse ies F om 'The Las Da ce' Team". Deadli e Hollywood. Ex e al li ks[edi ] Wikimedia Commo s has media ela ed o I spi a i4 . 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Symbol † i dica es failed missio s a d des oyed vehicles. v e← 2020  ·  O bi al lau ches i 2021  ·  2022 →Ja ua y Tü ksa 5A Q-PACE Passive I spec io CubeSa S a li k 16 (70 sa eli es) Feb ua y P og ess MS-16 S a li k 17 (120 sa eli es) Cyg us NG-15 (STARS-EC · Maya-2 · Gua a íSa -1) Amazô ia-1 Ma ch S a li k 18 (180 sa eli es) O eWeb x 36 Ap il S a li k 19 (60 sa eli es) Soyuz MS-18 SpaceX C ew-2 Tia he S a li k 20 (60 sa eli es) Yaoga 34 May S a li k 21 (232 sa eli es) Tia zhou 2 O eWeb x 36 Ju e SpaceX CRS-22 She zhou 12 P og ess MS-17 B ik-II S a li k 22 (3 sa elli es) July O eWeb x 36 Nauka (Eu opea Robo ic A m) S a O e D2 Augus Cyg us NG-16 O eWeb x 34 SpaceX CRS-23 Sep embe S a li k 23 (51 sa elli es) O eWeb x 34 I spi a io 4 Tia zhou 3 Lau ches a e sepa a ed by dashes ( – ), payloads by do s ( · ), mul iple ames fo he same sa elli e by slashes ( / ). Cubesa s a e smalle .C ewed fligh s a e bolded. Lau ch failu es a e i i alics. Payloads deployed f om o he spacec af a e (e closed i b acke s). v eSpace ou is missio s I cludi g o bi al a d sup ao bi al spacefligh s Pas missio s Flow ou is s Mi Co p ISS EP-1 (2001: TM-32/TM-31) De is Ti o Space Adve u es ISS EP-3 (2002: TM-34/TM-33) Ma k Shu lewo h Space Adve u es Expedi io 11/12 (2005: TMA-7/TMA-6) G ego y Olse Space Adve u es Expedi io 13/14 (2006: TMA-9/TMA-8) A ousheh A sa i Space Adve u es Expedi io 14/15 (2007: TMA-10/TMA-9) Cha les Simo yi (1s fligh ) Space Adve u es Expedi io 17/18 (2008: TMA-13/TMA-12) Richa d Ga io Space Adve u es Expedi io 18/19 (2009: TMA-14/TMA-13) Cha les Simo yi (2 d fligh ) Space Adve u es Expedi io 19/20/21 (2009: TMA-16/TMA-14) Guy Lalibe é SpaceX/Shif 4 I spi a io 4 (2021) Ja ed Isaacma Sia P oc o Hayley A ce eaux Ch is ophe Semb oski Scheduled Roscosmos Soyuz MS-19–Soyuz MS-18 (Sep embe –Oc obe 2021) Klim Shipe ko Yulia Pe esild Space Adve u es Soyuz MS-20 (Decembe 2021) Yusaku Maezawa Yozo Hi a o Axiom Space/SpaceX Axiom-1 (Ja ua y 2022) Michael López-Aleg ía La y Co o Ma k Pa hy Ey a S ibbe Axiom Space/SpaceX Axiom-2 (Fall 2022) Peggy Whi so Joh Shoff e 2×TBA Space Adve u es/SpaceX missio 1 (2022) 4×TBA P ojec ed Axiom Space/SpaceX u i led Tom C uise/Doug Lima movie (2021/2022) Tom C uise Doug Lima SpaceX dea Moo (2023+) Yusaku Maezawa 8×TBA SpaceX Ma s visi a io (TBD) Elo Musk Ca celled missio s / ou is s La ce Bass (2002: Space Adve u es ISS EP-4 – TMA-1/TM-34) Daisuke E omo o (2006: eplaced by A ousheh A sa i) I spi a io Ma s (2018, 2021; defu c by 2015) Space ou is s Space ou ism v eSpace ou ismO ga iza io sAc ive Axiom Space Bigelow Ae ospace Blue O igi Ai bus D&S Mojave Ae ospace Ve u es O bi al Tech ologies PDAS Redwi e Sie a Nevada Co po a io Space Adve u es The Spaceship Compa y SpaceX #dea Moo p ojec Vi gi Galac ic ARCA Associa io of Au o omous As o au s As o au e Club Eu opée Comme cial Spacefligh Fede a io Cope hage Subo bi als Space F o ie Fou da io Space Tou ism Socie y Defu c A madillo Ae ospace Golde Spike Compa y O io Spa Rocke Ship Tou s Space Isla d G oup (Space Isla d P ojec ) XCOR Ae ospace Vehicles Cu e Soyuz D ago 2 New Shepa d SpaceShipTwo Fu u e New Gle SpaceShip III S a li e S a ship Livi g i space Comme cializa io of space Space colo iza io Space habi a Space medici e Space s a io Subo bi al spacepla e Space compe i io s Ame ica's Space P ize A sa i X P ize Google Lu a X P ize Space eleva o compe i io s Space ou is sPas De is Ti o Ma k Shu lewo h G ego y Olse A ousheh A sa i Cha les Simo yi Richa d Ga io Guy Lalibe é Olive Daeme Ja ed Isaacma Sia P oc o Hayley A ce eaux Ch is ophe Semb oski Pla ed Klim Shipe ko Yulia Pe esild Yusaku Maezawa Yozo Hi a o La y Co o Ma k Pa hy Ey a S ibbe Missio sPla ed Axiom-1 Space Adve u es C ew D ago missio dea Moo Rela ed Axiom O bi al Segme Tou ism o he Moo Re ieved f om "h ps://e .wikipedia.o g/w/i dex.php? i le=I spi a io 4&oldid=1045762988" Ca ego ies: 2021 i he U i ed S a esO bi al space ou ism missio sSpacec af lau ched i 2021SpaceX D ago 2SpaceX huma spacefligh sSpacec af which ee e ed i 2021Hidde ca ego ies: A icles wi h sho desc ip io Sho desc ip io is diffe e f om Wikida aUse Ame ica E glish f om Feb ua y 2021All Wikipedia a icles w i e i Ame ica E glishUse dmy da es f om Sep embe 2021Wikipedia a icles scheduled fo upda e aggi gAll a icles wi h u sou ced s a eme sA icles wi h u sou ced s a eme s f om Sep embe 2021Commo s ca ego y li k is o Wikida a

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