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اقتباس

Translations in context of "اقتباس" in Arabic-English from Reverso Context: هيا سيسكيل اعطينى اقتباس من فيلم.

اقتباس

Joi Reve so, i 's f ee a d fas ! Regis e Logi

Gui ea: The Causes a d Co seque ces of Wes Af ica’s La es Coup

Sep embe 8, 2021

The Gui ea mili a y’s ove h ow of P eside Alpha Co dé—a ou come of au oc a ic ove each, eco omic misma ageme , a d e odi g democ a ic o ms—poi s o he failu e of egio al bodies a d i e a io al pa e s o a icipa e a d espo d o a evolvi g coup playbook. O Sep embe 5, Colo el Mamady Doumbouya ous ed he cou y’s civilia leade Alpha Co dé, p oclaimi g ha “ he du y of a soldie is o save he cou y.” The mili a y pu sch is he cou y’s hi d coup d’é a si ce i depe de ce i 1958 a d he la es i a s i g of u co s i u io al powe g abs i he egio , i cludi g i eighbo i g Mali a d Chad, du i g he pas wo yea s.

Q1: Who is Gui ea’s ew mili a y leade a d wha a e his objec ives?

A1: Colo el Doumbouya is a 41-yea -old fo me F e ch legio ai e a d comma de of he cou y’s eli e Special Fo ces G oup. He has eceived ai i g f om F a ce, Is ael, Se egal, a d Gabo , as well as pa icipa ed i a leas o e U.S. special fo ces exe cise. Acco di g o his official bio, he also se ved i missio s i Afgha is a , Co e d’Ivoi e, he Ce al Af ica Republic, a d Djibou i. Si ce he coup, he has wice quo ed fo me Gha aia coup leade Je y Rawli gs, who i famously publicly execu ed seve al of his mili a y p edecesso s. I a 2017 speech, Doumbouya exp essed ese me abou U.S a d F e ch i flue ce i Gui ea. Acco di g o he BBC, Doumbouya was o e of 25 Gui ea s ha EU membe s of pa liame h ea e ed o sa c io fo alleged huma igh s abuses du i g Co dé’s p eside cy—al hough ei he his ame o ha of he u i he comma ded have appea ed i i e a io al huma igh s epo s abou he ep essio of p o es s a d o he abuses i ece yea s.

As of Sep embe 8, Doumbouya a d he uli g ju a, k ow as he Na io al Rally a d Developme Commi ee (CNRD), have evealed ve y li le abou hei pla s, a oubli g sig i a egio whe e you g coup leade s have esis ed p essu e o swif ly ha d ove powe o civilia s. The CNRD de ai ed Co dé a d o he op officials, dissolved he gove me , a d imposed a igh ly cu few. I has pledged o fo m a a si io al gove me soo a d commi ed o “ ew i e a co s i u io oge he .” The ju a failed o sha e addi io al de ails o he a si io o p ese a imeli e fo a e u o civilia ule. Doumbouya, howeve , has paid special a e io o he bauxi e mi i g sec o , which saw p ices leap o a decade high i he wake of he coup. He ied o assu e busi ess a d eco omic i e es s, “aski g mi i g compa ies o co i ue hei ac ivi ies” a d exemp i g mi i g a eas f om he cu few.

Q2: Wha local, egio al, a d i e a io al d ive s explai his coup d’é a ?

A2: While Doumbouya’s pe so al mo iva io s a e u clea , Co dé’s decisio o ame d he co s i u io o u fo a hi d e m a d ece miss eps o he eco omy se he s age fo he mili a y pu sch. I his fi s s a eme followi g he coup, Doumbouya vowed ha “we will o lo ge e us poli ics o o e ma ; we will e us i o he people.” He p esumably was efe i g o P eside Co dé’s i c easi gly messia ic leade ship. Co dé, who had bee a lo g ime opposi io leade befo e his elec io i 2010, a gued ha he was he o ly o e who could ule Gui ea du i g a p iva e mee i g a CSIS i 2019. Co dé p oceeded o hold a co ove sial efe e dum a d p oblema ic elec io du i g he pa demic o secu e a hi d e m i office. Co dé’s move was a aff o o he public; acco di g o Af oba ome e polli g, mo e ha 8 ou of 10 Gui ea s favo a wo- e m limi o p eside ial ma da es. Doumbouya also alluded o Co dé’s eco omic misma ageme a d he egime’s co up io . He deplo ed he “s a e of ou oads . . . he s a e of ou hospi als” a d said ha “we do ' eed o ape Gui ea a ymo e, we jus eed o make love o he .” I a o he su vey, Af oba ome e polli g evealed ha 63 pe ce of Gui ea s believed co up io had i c eased du i g he p evious yea .

Doumbouya also p obably assessed ha he egio a d i e a io al commu i y, which had weakly p o es ed Co dé’s hi d e m, would do li le subs a ively o oppose he coup, judgi g f om hei ham-fis ed espo ses o ece u co s i u io al moves i Mali a d Chad. The Af ica U io , he Eco omic Commu i y of Wes Af ica S a es (ECOWAS), F a ce, a d he U i ed S a es have bee hesi a o exac sig ifica pe al ies i ece yea s, a co as o pas decades of p i cipled espo ses o u co s i u io al akeove s.

Q3: Wha a e he coup’s implica io s, a d wha s eps should be ake o a es a democ a ic backslidi g?

A3: Doumbouya’s age, empe ame , a d admi a io fo he egio ’s pas coup leade s bode poo ly fo Gui ea’s a si io o civilia ule. Doumbouya is i he same age coho as Goï a a d Déby, all of whom se ved i eli e mili a y u i s. Rawli gs, Doumbouya’s he o, seized powe i a seco d coup i 1981 befo e he fi ally s epped dow i 2000. (Goï a visi ed Rawli gs, who ece ly died, fo advice, as well as Moussa T ao e, Mali’s mili a y leade f om 1968 o 1991.)

Doumbouya a d he CNRD p obably will use he same coup playbook pe fec ed by Goï a a d Déby, pa o i g he 18-mo h a si io imeli e a d pledge o ew i e he co s i u io o placa e he i e a io al commu i y. If Gui ea’s eighbo s a d ex e al pa e s quie ly accep hese co di io s, i will se ve as a sig al o ambi ious soldie s i Be i , Co e d’Ivoi e, a d Nige — o ame jus a few po e ial ca dida es— ha he e a e limi ed co seque ces fo seizi g powe . While i is ha d o p ove a co agio effec , coups d’é a i he egio e d o occu i waves. Be wee Novembe 1965 a d Feb ua y 1966, he e we e mili a y akeove s i Co go, Dahomey, he Ce al Af ica Republic, Uppe Vol a, Nige ia, a d Gha a.

Af ica’s egio al bodies a d i e a io al pa e s eed o ac mo e decisively o a icipa e a d espo d o his ala mi g e d a d evolvi g coup playbook.

Judd Deve mo is di ec o of he Af ica P og am a he Ce e fo S a egic a d I e a io al S udies i Washi g o , D.C.

C i ical Ques io s is p oduced by he Ce e fo S a egic a d I e a io al S udies (CSIS), a p iva e, ax-exemp i s i u io focusi g o i e a io al public policy issues. I s esea ch is o pa isa a d o p op ie a y. CSIS does o ake specific policy posi io s. Acco di gly, all views, posi io s, a d co clusio s exp essed i his publica io should be u de s ood o be solely hose of he au ho (s).

© 2021 by he Ce e fo S a egic a d I e a io al S udies. All igh s ese ved.

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